Paid Time Off
Employees with greater than six months but less than a year are permitted to a minimum of two days paid leave for each month they are employed. Should the employment period be greater than one year, an employee is entitled to 30 days of paid leave annually.
There are 14 official public holidays in the UAE.
An employee is entitled to a sick leave of not more than 90 days per year, only after the end of probationary period. The 90 days sick leave can be continuous or intermittent, and the salary is paid as follows:
- full pay for the first 15 days
- half pay for the next 30 days
- no pay for the rest 45 days.
However, during the probationary period, the employee may get a sick leave without pay, subject to the approval of the employer and based on a medical report issued by the medical entity that stipulates the necessity of the leave.
All female employees are eligible for maternity leave.
Employees who have completed one year of service are entitled to 60 days paid at 100% of the regular salary rate of pay for the first 45 days, reducing to 50.00% of the regular salary rate of pay for the remaining 15 days. Maternity pay is no longer reduced to 50% for employees who have not completed one year of service.
The employee can take maternity leave before and after the due date.
Employees are also entitled to take up to 45 days (consecutive or intermittent) of unpaid leave due to a medical condition related to pregnancy or delivery upon producing a professional medical certificate.
The New 2022 Labour Law confirms that employers may not terminate, or threaten to terminate, a female employee’s employment because she is pregnant or on maternity leave.
In the private sector can be extended to 60 days (being 45 days fully paid leave and 15 days of half-paid leave). Employees can also opt in to an additional 45 days of unpaid leave following the 60-day period in case of any post-partum complications.
There is no additional Paternity leave in UAE.
There is no additional parental leave in UAE. For private-sector employees, both parents are entitled to 5 days’ paid leave. The employees can take leave until the child reaches the age of 6 months.
5 days in the event of the death of an employee’s spouse;
3 days in the event of the death of an employee’s mother, father, son, brother, sister, grandson, or grandparent.
Employees are entitled to a 10-day study leave per year provided they are enrolled in an accredited institution in the UAE and have completed a minimum of 2 years with their employers.
All work above the standard weekly working hours is to be paid as overtime and is regulated by employment contract/collective agreements. In general, there are two rates of overtime due when overtime is worked. For night-time overtime, between the hours of 9 pm and 4 am, overtime is calculated at 125.00% of the regular salary rate; with 150.00% for any other time.